An ingrown toenail is a common condition in which the side or corner of a toenail grows into the soft flesh. Wearing shoes that crowd the toenails, toenail injury, and cutting toenails too short or not straight across can be causes of ingrown toenails. Podiatrists typically remove a part of the nail, or remove both
A bunion is a bony bump that forms on the joint at the base of the big toe. It is aggravated by wearing shoes that are too tight or narrow. Podiatrists use many treatments, such as shoe inserts, splinting, and medication, as well as surgical bunionectomy for those patients who do not respond to conservative
Hammertoe is a foot deformity in which a joint of the toe has an abnormal bend. This condition is treated conservatively with shoe inserts and exercises to stretch and strengthen toe muscles. For patients who do not respond to conservative treatment, podiatrists may perform hammertoe surgery to straighten the toe.
A neuroma is the thickening of the tissue surrounding a nerve leading to the toes, causing sharp pain the ball of the foot as well as stinging, burning, or numbness in the toes. Conservative treatments include using shoe inserts and wearing shoes with a low heel and wide toe box. Other treatments podiatrists use include
Plantar fasciitis is an inflammation of the plantar fascia, which connects the heel bone to the toes and runs along the bottom of the foot. This condition is one of the most common causes of heel pain, the first steps of the day often being the most painful. Plantar fasciitis is common in runners, and